Are you really searching for some excellent way on how exactly to fit your Wii which certainly freezes? In fact, there are two main ways for doing that, but, only one is going to truly suit you most of all. And so it is necessary for you to either send your Wii gaming console to Nintendo itself or you surely going to repair all those freezing problems on your own with the usage of some repair guide. Of course, first of all, allow me to provide you with a couple of vital and essential tips that are listed below.
And thus below there are four main tips which might really solve your freezing problem, but only when they are not working you are going to check out those other options which you’ve obviously got left.
Well, first of all, it is necessary for you to restart your Wii gaming console. And then you need to check for some loose cables. And so after that you should unplug all your cables and then plug all of them back and do not plug out your power cord. And finally, it is necessary for you to take out your hard drive and then to get it back in.
What? It didn’t wok at all? Well, in this case I’m worried that this is really some hardware problem. Without any doubt, you either solve that kind of problem by sending your Wii troubleshooting gaming console back to Nintendo or you are simply and easily able to do that on your own with the usage of the repair guide.
But there is one more question – how exactly to fix your Wii console which really freezes by sending it to Nintendo itself? For sure, that sort of option works very well. But, there is really a couple of huge downsides and minuses on that. First one is price and the second one is your waiting time. Well, you see, if you truly send your Wii troubleshooting gaming console to Nintendo, then you are going to need to wait for as minimum two long weeks before you really get your Wii console back. Besides, when your current warranty has certainly been expired, then you are going to need to pay around eighty two dollars for those repairs as well. And that surely involves the shipping and handling costs.
And one more vital question – how particularly to fix your Wii console on your own with the usage of some repair guide? In fact, that is obviously the best existing option which you really have. And so when you fix this Wii gaming console on your own, then you are not going to need to pay a huge amount of money.
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Newman was born in Shaker Heights, Ohio (a suburb of Cleveland), the son of Theresa (ne Fetzer or Fetsko; Slovak: Terzia Feckov) and Arthur Samuel Newman, who ran a profitable sporting goods store. Newman’s father was Jewish, the son of immigrants from Poland and Hungary; Newman’s mother, who practiced Christian Science, was born to a Slovak Roman Catholic family at Ptiie (formerly Pticsie) in the former Austriaungary (now in Slovakia). Newman had no religion as an adult, but described himself as “a Jew”, stating that “it’s more of a challenge”. Newman’s mother worked in his father’s store, while raising Paul and his brother, Arthur, who later became a producer and production manager.
Newman showed an early interest in the theater, which his mother encouraged. At the age of seven, he made his acting debut, playing the court jester in a school production of Robin Hood. Graduating from Shaker Heights High School in 1943, he briefly attended Ohio University in Athens, Ohio, where he was initiated into the Phi Kappa Tau fraternity.
Newman served in the United States Navy in World War II in the Pacific theater. Newman enrolled in the Navy V-12 program at Ohio University, hoping to be accepted for pilot training, but was dropped when it was learned he was color blind. He was sent instead to boot camp and then received further training as a radioman and gunner. Qualifying as a rear-seat radioman and gunner in torpedo bombers, in 1944, Aviation Radioman Third Class Newman was sent to Barber’s Point, Hawaii. He was subsequently assigned to Pacific-based replacement torpedo squadrons (VT-98, VT-99, and VT-100). These torpedo squadrons were responsible primarily for training replacement pilots and combat air crewmen, placing particular importance on carrier landings.
He later flew from aircraft carriers as a turret gunner in an Avenger torpedo bomber. As a radioman-gunner, he served aboard the USS Bunker Hill during the Battle of Okinawa in the spring of 1945. He was ordered to the ship with a draft of replacements shortly before the Okinawa campaign, but by a fluke of war, was held back because his pilot had an ear infection. The rest of his detail died.
After the war, he completed his degree at Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, graduating in 1949. Newman later studied Drama at Yale University, graduating in 1954, and later studying under Lee Strasberg at the Actors’ Studio in New York City.
Oscar Levant wrote that Newman initially was hesitant to leave New York for Hollywood: “Too close to the cake,” he reported him saying, “Also, no place to study.”
Newman made his Broadway theater debut in the original production of William Inge’s Picnic with Kim Stanley. He later appeared in the original Broadway productions of The Desperate Hours and Sweet Bird of Youth with Geraldine Page. He would later star in the film version of Sweet Bird of Youth, which also starred Page.
His first movie for Hollywood was The Silver Chalice (1954), followed by acclaimed roles in Somebody Up There Likes Me (1956), as boxer Rocky Graziano; Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958), opposite Elizabeth Taylor; and The Young Philadelphians (1959), with Barbara Rush and Robert Vaughn. But, predating all of these above was a small but notable part in an August 8, 1952 episode of the science fiction TV series Tales of Tomorrow entitled “Ice from Space”, in which he played Sergeant Wilson, his first credited TV or film appearance.
In February 1954, Newman appeared in a screen test with James Dean, directed by Gjon Mili, for East of Eden (1955). Newman was testing for the role of Aron Trask, Dean for the role of Aron’s fraternal twin brother Cal. Dean won his part, but Newman lost out to Richard Davalos. The same year, Newman co-starred with Eva Marie Saint and Frank Sinatra in a live
To keep things simple we’ll just refer to the company as Sam Adams which is how they are known to most of the beer drinking public anyway. Sam Adams was founded by Jim Koch back in 1985 in Boston, Massachusetts. He named the beer after the well-known American patriot from the Revolutionary War by the same name Samuel Adams who happened to have also been a brewer of beer. You could also say that Jim Koch is well-known in many ways also. Most importantly his timing.
You see Jim Koch founded Sam Adams at a very inauspicious time. Sam Adams started operation just as the U.S. Craft Brewery Movement was exploding within the United States. Within ten years of the founding of Sam Adams there were over 600 other craft brewery companies otherwise known as microbreweries operating within the U.S. and Sam Adams was at the front of the movement.
So where did the recipe for Sam Adams Boston Lager originate? The recipe itself was really developed in 1860 by Louis Koch, Jim Koch’s fantastic-fantastic grandfather. He sold the beer under the name Louis Koch Lager until the prohibition years and then again during the 1950’s. Eventually the recipe was handed down to Jim Koch who then with the help of Joseph Owades the man who is given credit for inventing the light beer reformulated the recipe. When they were done the Boston Lager was born.
By 1989 Sam Adams was selling 63,000 barrels of beer annually with demand rising every year. During the 1980’s they won numerous awards being voted the “Best Beer in American” at the “Fantastic American Beer Festival”. By 2008 what had started as a beer company with one Lager had developed into a beer brewer with 20 different kinds of beer. Over the years they have experimented with a number of seasonal beers and specialty brews.
Today Sam Adams is a company as well known as any beer company in America. And they are at the forefront in experimenting with new ways to tantalize the taste buds. They capitalize on the American spirit of patriotism while still honoring our founding fathers who would’ve loved a Sam Adams beer as much as the rest of us. Jim Koch in building up the Sam Adams brewery helped to change the tastes of Americans for beer. He showed the public that something better could be had and helped lead a new American Revolution in the process.
So whatever it is that your company does or will do don’t be worried to be different and stand out. Being lost in the crowd will not get you anywhere. Whatever it is you do you should strive to be the best and stand out from the rest.
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Geoff and Jack have some fun with tomahawks in the new DLC for Red Dead Redemption, Legends and Killers. In the process, they manage to grab the Hail Mary Achievement.
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Today’s California State University system is the direct descendant of the California State Normal School (now San Jose State University), a normal school established by the California Legislature on May 2, 1862. The California State Normal School was itself derived from the City of San Francisco’s Minns Evening Normal School (founded in 1857) a normal school legislature dropped the word “California” from the name of the San Jose and Los Angeles schools, renaming them “State Normal Schools.” Later Chico (1887), San Diego (1897), and other schools became part of the State Normal School system. In 1919, the State Normal School at Los Angeles became the Southern Branch of the University of California (now the University of California, Los Angeles). In 1921, the State Normal Schools became the State Teachers Colleges. By this time most of the campuses started to become identified by their city names plus the word “state” (e.g., “San Jose State,” “San Diego State,” “San Francisco State”).
In 1935, the State Teachers Colleges became the California State Colleges and were administered by the California State Department of Education in Sacramento. The Donahoe Higher Education Act of 1960 gave the system greater autonomy from the State of California.
The postwar period brought a fantastic expansion in the number of colleges in the system. Campuses in Los Angeles, Sacramento, and Long Beach were added between 1947 and 1949. Then seven more were authorized to be built between 1957 and 1960. Six more campuses joined the system after the establishment of the Donohoe Higher Education Act in 1960 bringing the total number to 23.
In 1972 the system became The California State University and Colleges, and all of the campuses were renamed with the words “California State University” in their names. Former San Diego State University student body president Calvin Robinson wrote the bill, signed into law by Ronald Reagan, that allowed every California State University the option to revert the schools back to their pre-1972 names: San Jose State, San Diego State, San Francisco State, etc. In 1982, the CSU system dropped the word “colleges” from its name.
Today the campuses of the CSU include comprehensive and polytechnic universities and the only Maritime Academy in the western United States that receives aid from the federal Maritime Administration.
Office of the Chancellor in Long Beach
Responsibility for the California State University is vested in the 25 member Board of Trustees, whose members are appointed by the Governor of the State of California. There are 5 ex officio Trustees; the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Speaker of the Assembly, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, and the CSU Chancellor. There are 4 special Trustees. The CSU Statewide Alumni Council appoints an Alumni Trustee. The Governor appoints a Faculty Trustee from nominees proposed by the Statewide Academic Senate. The Governor appoints two Student Trustees from nominees proposed by the California State Student Association. The Alumni and Faculty Trustees serve for two years. The Student Trustees serve staggered two-year terms. The sixteen remaining Trustees are appointed by the Governor, confirmed by the State Senate, and serve for eight years. The Trustees appoint the Chancellor, who is the chief executive officer of the system, and the Presidents, who are the chief executive officers of their respective campuses.
Membership of the Board of Trustees: Ex Officio trustees
Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor of California
Vacant, Lieutenant Governor (formerly John Garamendi; Abel Maldonado is the Lt. Gov. nominee)
Karen Bass, Speaker of the Assembly
Jack O’Connell, State Superintendent of Public Instruction
Charles B. Reed, CSU Chancellor
Jeffrey L. Bleich
Herbert L. Carter
Carol R. Chandler
Debra S. Farar
George G. Gowgani
Raymond Holdsworth, Jr.
Linda A. Lang
Craig R. Smith
Russel D. Statham
The Academic Senate of the California State University, made up of elected representatives of the faculty from each campus, recommends academic policy to the Board of Trustees through the Chancellor.
Chancellors of the CSU
Buell Gallagher (1961-1962)
Glenn S. Dumke (1962-1982)
W. Ann Reynolds (1982-1990)
Ellis E. McCune [Acting] (1990-1991)
Barry Munitz (1991-1998)
Charles B. Reed (1998-current)
The California State University’s permanent, collective endowment has grown to 4 million U.S. dollars as of the close of the 2006-2007 academic year. In addition, each of the 23 campuses of the CSU raise their own funds through donations and other external funding, and each campus controls its own separate endowment funds not counted in the above endowment amount.
Link to CSU Endowment & Fundraising webpage
California Polytechnic State University
San Luis Obispo
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We all know that the NFL is a huge deal. We also know that college football is just as vital and that it serves as a prerequisite for the National Football League. But some states take it a step further and train their high school athletes as if they are at college level. Some states feel so strongly about football that entire towns close down in the event of a rival high school football game. Air hockey tables are inexistent and full length football fields is where it
Since its foundation, Israel has been a sort of laboratory for strategic surprises. It went, and still goes, through frequent security crises and every decade a war or serious military accident breaks out. The question of intelligence and military surprises and their consequences is an acute prime topic of utmost importance to Israeli national security.
In this article I intend to present an updated portrayal of the Fundamental Surprise theory, which I developed in the aftermath of the Yom Kippur War (1973) and published in my book
Main article: History of Wrigley Field
The park was built in six weeks in 1914 at a cost of about 0,000 (.3 million in 2008 dollars) by the Chicago lunchroom magnate “Lucky Charlie” Weeghman, who owned the Federal League Dolphins. (The club signed a fifty-five-year lease to use the park for app ,000 per year.) It was designed by the architect Zachary Taylor Davis (who four years earlier had designed Comiskey Park for the Chicago White Sox), incorporating the new “fireproof” building codes recently enacted by the city. According to some sources, when it opened for the 1914 Federal League season, Weeghman Park had a seating capacity of 14,000. According to another source, the original seating capacity was 20,000.
In late 1915 the Federal League folded. The resourceful Weeghman formed a syndicate including the chewing gum manufacturer William Wrigley Jr. to buy the Chicago Cubs from Charles P. Taft for about 0,000. Weeghman immediately went the Cubs from the dilapidated West Side Grounds to his two-year-ancient park. In 1918 Wrigley bought the controlling interest in the club. In February 1926, he renamed the park “Wrigley Field.”
In 1927 an upper deck was added, and in 1937, Bill Veeck, the son of the club president, planted ivy vines against the outfield walls.
Wrigley Field was a hold-out against night games, not installing lights until 1988 after baseball officials refused to allow the Cubs to play any post-season games without lights. Night games are still limited in number by agreement with the city council. Capacity is set at 44,250.
Wrigley Field follows the jewel box design of ballparks that was well loved in the early part of the 20th century. The two recessed wall areas, or “wells,” located both in left, and right field, give those areas a small more length than if the wall were to follow the contour from center field, it is also in those wells, when cross winds are blowing, that balls have a habit of bouncing in all sorts of fascinating directions, there is also a long net running the entire length of the outfield wall, about two foot from the top, the primary use is to keep fans from falling out of the bleacher area, and onto the field of play, which is about seven, to ten feet below the top of the wall. Called “The basket,” by players, and fans alike, the rules of the field state that any ball landing within the netting is ruled a home run, making the distance to hit a home run in Wrigley Field really shorter than the location of the outfield wall.
Ivy-covered outfield walls
Wrigley Field is known for its distinct ivy-covered outfield walls.
The ballpark is well-known for its outfield walls which are covered by ivy. In the first weeks of the baseball season, the ivy has not leafed out, and all that is visible are the vines on which it grows. But, as the baseball season progresses further into spring, the ivy grows thick and green, disguising the hard brick surface of the outfield wall. Many a ball has been lost in the ivy when hit towards the outfield fences. An outfielder will signal that a ball is lost, by raising his hands. When this occurs, the umpires will call time and rule the play a ground-rule double. Also, there have been occasions of fielders being injured when slamming into the wall after a glide ball. The ivy that covers the outfield wall is Boston Ivy, which can endure the harsh Chicago winters better than its English cousin. The ivy was planted in 1937 by the Cubs General Manager Bill Veeck, to try and add some padding to the then groundbreaking new brick outfield wall.
See also: Wrigley Roof
The rooftops seats across the street offer views similar to those from the ballpark’s own seats.
Ancient-time ballparks were often surrounded by buildings that afforded a “freebie” look at the game for enterprising souls. In most venues, the clubs took steps to either extend the stands around, or to build spite fences to block the view. Perhaps the most notorious of these was the one at Shibe Park in Philadelphia, which caused a rift between the residents and the team that never healed. The Cubs themselves had built a high fence along the outfield at West Side Park, to hide the field from flats whose back porches were right next to the outer fence of the ballpark.
But at Wrigley it was different. The flat rooftops of the apartment buildings across Waveland and Sheffield, which pre-date the ballpark, were often populated with a reasonable number of fans having cookouts while enjoying the game for free. The Cubs tolerated it quietly until the 1990s, when some owners of those apartments started building small bleacher sections, and charging people to watch the games. That was a whole different ball game, and the Cubs management became very vocal in expressing their displeasure, threatening legal action. In 2003 they went so far as to line the screens that top the outer walls with opaque strips, to block the best exterior sight lines. That was the closest thing to a spite fence that Wrigley had seen. Therefore the bleachers are sometimes called “The Spiteless Fence” as well as “The Ivy Wall”.
View from a rooftop across Waveland Avenue
This led to meetings and to a peaceful settlement among the various parties. The building owners agreed to share a part of their proceeds with the Cubs, and the Cubs obtained permission from the city to expand the ballpark’s own bleachers out over the sidewalks and do some additional construction on the open area of the property to the west, bordered by Clark and Waveland, and to close the remnant of Seminary Avenue that also existed on the property. The rooftop seats are now effectively part of the ballpark’s seating area, although they are not included in the seating capacity figure.
Some of the rooftops have become legendary in their own right. The Lakeview Baseball Club, which sits across Sheffield Avenue (right-field) from the stadium displays a sign that reads, “Eamus Catuli!” (roughly Latin for “Let’s Go Cubs!”atuli translating to “whelps”, the nearest Latin equivalent), flanked by a counter indicating the Cubs’ long legacy of futility. The counter is labeled “AC,” for “Anno Catuli,” or “In the Year of the Cubs.” The first two digits indicate the number of years since the Cubs’ last division championship as of the end of the previous season (2008), the next two digits indicate the number of years since the Cubs’ last trip to the World Series (1945), and the last three digits indicate the number of years since their last World Series win (1908).
Today, Wrigley rooftops have become a unique alternative venue to watch baseball games. Many rooftop venues feature bleachers, open bar, specialty food items, and a unique game-day atmosphere, although the quality of the view can vary depending on the specific rooftop location.
Unusual wind patterns
The main scoreboard at Wrigley Field. This photo was taken on the August 27, 2005 Cubs-Marlins game. Note the video board below the scoreboard, as it was added in 2004.
In April and May the wind often comes off Lake Michigan (less than a mile to the east), which means a northeast wind “blowing in” to knock down potential home runs and turn them into outs. In the summer, but, or on any warm and breezy day, the wind often comes from the south and the southwest, which means the wind is “blowing out” and has the potential to turn normally harmless glide balls into home runs. A third variety is the cross-wind, which typically runs from the left field corner to the right field corner and causes all sorts of fascinating havoc. Depending on the direction of the wind, Wrigley can either be one of the friendliest parks in the major leagues for pitchers or among the worst. This makes Wrigley one of the most unpredictable parks in the Major Leagues.
Many Cubs fans check their nearest flag before heading to the park on game days for an indication of what the game might be like; this is less of a factor for night games, but, because the wind does not blow as hard after the sun goes down.
With the wind blowing in, pitchers can dominate, and no-hitters have been tossed from time to time, though none recently; the last two occurred near the beginning and the end of the 1972 season, by Burt Hooton and Milt Pappas respectively. In the seventh inning of Ken Holtzman’s first no-hitter, on August 19, 1969, Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves hammered one that looked like it was headed for Waveland, but the wind caught it just enough for left fielder Billy Williams to leap up and snare it in “the well”.
With the wind blowing out, some right tape-measure home runs have been hit by well-muscled batters. Sammy Sosa and Dave “Kong” Kingman broke windows in the apartment buildings across Waveland Ave. several times. Glenallen Hill place one on a rooftop. Batters have occasionally slugged it into, or to the side of, the first row or two of the “upper deck” of the center field bleachers. Sosa hit the roof of the center field camera booth on the glide during the NLCS against the Florida Marlins, some 450 feet away.
But the longest blast was probably hit by Dave Kingman on a very windy day in 1976 while with the Mets. According to local legend, that day, Kingman launched a bomb that landed on the third porch roof on the east (center field) side of Kenmore Avenue, some 550 feet away.
No batter has ever hit the center field scoreboard, but it has been hit by a different kind of ball: a golf ball, hit by Sam Snead, using a two iron.
No matter the weather, many fans congregate during batting practice and games on Waveland Avenue, behind left field, and Sheffield Avenue, behind right field, for a chance to catch a home run ball.
Hand turned scoreboard
Just like Fenway Park, Wrigley still boasts a hand turned scoreboard. But, unlike the fabled home of the Red Sox, the scoreboard at Wrigley is mounted above the center field bleachers, rather than at ground level, making it harder to hit it. The scoreboard was installed in 1937, when Bill Veeck installed the new brick outfield wall, and the bleacher stands, the scoreboard has remained in place ever since, and has only been modified once, in 1988, when the installation of lights made it necessary to add a set of light stands facing onto the scoreboard. The scoreboard is still hand turned, with scores coming into the scoreboard through a ticker tape machine (today, a computer is used to show scores to the number turners), a number turner watches the score changes closely, and reflects this by walking the length of the interior of the scoreboard, and manually replacing the numbers to reflect the new score for a certain game. It is known that during the existence of the current Wrigley Field scoreboard, several players have come close, but none have ever hit it. The scoreboard is made out of sheet steel, and is welded into place, then painted forest green, to reflect the now growing foliage below. The numbers that are placed into the inning windows are steel, painted forest green, and numbered with white numerals, the box for the game playing at Wrigley, but, for the inning, until the end of that inning, the current runs scored are reflected by yellow numerals. The clock, which sits at the top center of the scoreboard, has never lost time in its 73 year existence. The doors to enter the scoreboard are located at both ends, and on the reverse of the scoreboard, is a blue pennant, with the words “Chicago Cubs”, in white, the words are also placed with red neon lights, allowing the pennant to be seen at night.
Main entry marquee
Directly over the main entrance to the stadium stands the most familiar icon of the exterior of the ballpark, a large red, art deco style marquee, painted in white letters to read “Welcome to Wrigley Field, Home of Chicago Cubs”. The marquee has been in place since the stadium changed its name in the mid 1920’s, and was first placed with announcements on upcoming games using an ancient-fashioned theater marquee design, with letters being replaced with a suction cup on a long pole. In the 1980’s, the original theater marquee setup was removed from the sign, and an electronic scrolling announcement board was added, effectively splitting the original marquee into two pieces. The marquee utilizes red neon lights at night, showing the familiar “Welcome to Wrigley Field” in red, as the rest of the sign is in darkness. It is the most photographed part of the stadium exterior.
Main article: List of events at Wrigley Field
Main article: Chicago Cubs franchise history
Wrigley Field has served as the home baseball park for Major League Baseball’s Chicago Cubs franchise since 1916.
Wrigley Field football configuration with extra bleacher seats in right field
The Chicago Bears of the National Football League played at Wrigley Field from 1921 to 1970 before relocating to Soldier Field. The team had transferred from Decatur, and retained the name “Staleys” for the 1921 season. They renamed themselves the “Bears” in order to identify with the baseball team, a common practice in the NFL in those days. Wrigley Field once held the record for the most NFL games played in a single stadium with 365 regular season NFL games, but this record was surpassed in September 2003 by Giants Stadium in New Jersey, thanks to its dual-occupancy by the New York Giants and New York Jets.The game played between the Jets and Miami Dolphins on September 14, 2003 was the 366th regular season NFL game at Giants Stadium breaking Wrigley’s regular season record. The 50 seasons the Bears spent at Wrigley Field had been an NFL record until 2006 when Lambeau Field duplicated this feat by hosting the Packers for the 50th season, and broke it in 2007.
Initially the Bears worked with the stands that were there. Eventually they bought a large, portable bleacher section that spanned the right and center field areas and covered most of the existing bleacher seating and part of the right field corner seating. This “East Stand” raised Wrigley’s football capacity to about 46,000, or a net gain of perhaps 9,000 seats over normal capacity. After the Bears left, this structure would live on for several years as the “North Stand” at Soldier Field, until it was replaced by permanent seating.
The football field ran north-to-south, i.e. from left field to the foul side of first base. The remodeling of the bleachers made for a very tight fit for the gridiron. In fact, the corner of the south end zone was literally in the visiting baseball team’s dugout, which was filled with pads for safety, and required a special ground rule that sliced off that corner of the end zone. One corner of the north end line ran just inches small of the left field wall. There is a legend that Bronko Nagurski, the fantastic Bears fullback, steamrolled through the line, head down, and ran all the way through that end zone, smacking his leather-helmeted head on the bricks. He went back to the bench and told Coach “Papa Bear” George Halas, “That last guy gave me quite a lick!” That kind of incident prompted the Bears to hang some padding in front of the wall.
The Bears are second only to the Green Bay Packers in total NFL championships, and all but one of those (their only Super Bowl championship) came during their tenure at Wrigley. After a half-century, they found themselves compelled to go, because the NFL wanted every one of its stadiums to seat at least 50,000. The Bears had one experimental game at Dyche Stadium (now Ryan Field) on the Northwestern University campus, but otherwise continued at Wrigley until their transfer to the lakefront finished their five-decades run on the north side. One remnant of the Bears’ time at Wrigley was uncovered during the off-season 20072008 rebuilding of the playing field: the foundations for the goal posts.
Hockey rink layout
The Chicago Sting of the North American Soccer League (NASL) used Wrigley, along with Comiskey Park, for their home matches during the late 1970s and early 1980s. The Sting hosted the San Diego Sockers on August 25, 1979 at Wrigley when the Bears were using Soldier Field. Unlike the Bears’ football gridiron layout, the soccer pitch ran east-to-west, from right field to the foul territory on the third-base side.
On January 1, 2009, the National Hockey League played its 2009 Winter Classic in The Friendly Confines pitting two “Original Six” teams – the host Chicago Blackhawks and the visiting Detroit Red Wings – in an outdoor ice hockey game. The rink ran across the field from first base to third base with second base being covered by roughly the center of the rink. According to espn.com, the attendance for this game was 40,818. The Red Wings won 64.
In recent years Wrigley Field has been opened on a limited basis to well loved concerts, not without some controversy. Artists and groups to play Wrigley Field have included Jimmy Buffett (2005), The Police (2007), Elton John and Billy Joel (2009), and Rascal Flatts (2009). Local neighborhood groups have expressed concerns about the impact of concert crowds and noise on the surrounding residential neighborhood, particularly in 2009 when three concerts were added to the schedule, one conflicting with an annual neighborhood festival.
Traditions and mainstays
Some Wrigley Field advertising in 2007
Wrigley Field shares its name with the Wrigley Company, as the park was named for its then-owner, William Wrigley Jr., the CEO of the Wrigley Company. As early as the 1920s, before the park became officially known as Wrigley Field, the scoreboard was topped by the elf-like “Doublemint Twins”, posed as a pitcher and a batter. There were also ads painted on the bare right field wall early in the ballpark’s history, prior to the 1923 remodeling which place bleachers there. After that, the Doublemint elves were the only visible in-park advertising. The elves were removed permanently in 1937 when the bleachers and scoreboard were rebuilt. It would be about 45 years before in-park advertising would reappear.
Owned by the Tribune Company since 1981, Wrigley Field has been a notable exception to the recent trend of selling corporate naming rights to sporting venues. The Tribune Company chose not to rename the ballpark, utilizing other ways to bring corporate sponsorship into the ballpark.
During the mid-1980s, Anheuser-Busch placed Budweiser and Bud Light advertisements beneath the center field scoreboard. Bud Light became the sponsor of the rebuilt bleachers in 2006.
In the early 2000s, following the trend of many ballparks, a green-screen chroma key board was installed behind home plate, in the line of sight of the center field TV camera, to allow electronic “rotating” advertisements visible only to the TV audiences. By 2006, the board was set-up to allow advertisements to be both physical and electronic (thus they can be seen in both live and replay shots).
In 2007, the first on-field advertising appeared since the park’s early days. Sporting goods firm Under Armour placed its logo on the double-doors between the ivy on the outfield wall, in left-center and right-center fields. Advertisements were also placed in the dugouts, originally for Sears department stores, then Walter E. Smithe furniture and now State Farm insurance.
Corporate sponsorship has not been limited to the park itself. Wrigley Field is well-known for its view of the neighborhood buildings across Waveland and Sheffield Avenues. In addition to spectators standing or sitting on the apartment roofs, corporate sponsors have frequently taken advantage of those locations as well. In the earliest days of Weeghman Park, one building across Sheffield Avenue advertised a local hangout known as Bismarck Gardens (later called the Marigold Gardens after World War I). That same building has since advertised for the Torco Oil Company, Southwest Airlines, and the Miller Brewing Company.
A building across from deep right-center field was topped by a neon sign for Baby Ruth candy beginning in the mid-1930s and running for some 40 years. That placement by the Chicago-based Curtiss Candy Company, coincidentally positioned in the line of sight of “Babe Ruth’s called shot”, proved fortuitous when games started to be televised in the 1940she sign was also in the line of sight of the ground level camera behind and to the left of home plate. The aging sign was eventually removed in the early 1970s.
Another long-standing venue for a sign is the sloping roof of a building behind left-center field. Unsuitable for the bleachers that now decorate many of those buildings, that building’s angling roof has been painted in the form of a large billboard since at least the 1940s. In recent years it has borne a bright-red Budweiser sign and, beginning in 2009, an advertisement for Horseshoe Casino. Other buildings have carried signs sponsoring beers, such as Ancient Style (when it was a Cubs broadcasting sponsor) and Miller; and also WGN-TV, which has telecast Cubs games since April 1948.
For 2008 and 2009, the Cubs worked out an agreement with the Chicago Board Options Exchange to allow the CBOE to auction some 70 box seat season tickets and award naming rights to them.
For the 2009 season, the The Chicago Cubs announced that the renovated restaurant space in the southeast corner of Wrigley Field, formerly known as the Friendly Confines Cafe, will now be known as the Captain Morgan Club.
On October 27, 2009, Thomas S. Ricketts officially took over 95% ownership of the Chicago Cubs, Wrigley Field and 25% ownership of Comcast SportsNet Chicago. The Tribune will retain 5% ownership. Ricketts, but, has expressed no interest in selling the naming rights to Wrigley Field, preferring that it retain the name it has used since 1926.
“White flag time at Wrigley!”
Retired numbers for Ernie Banks and Ron Santo on the left field foulpole and for Billy Williams and Ryne Sandberg on the right field foulpole. Since May 3, 2009, the number 31 also flies on both foul poles, to honor Ferguson Jenkins (left field) and Greg Maddux (right field).
Main article: Cubs Win flag
The term “White flag time at Wrigley!” means the Cubs have won. The ritual of raising flags after a game is decades-ancient, but the saying itself only started in the 1990s, as coined by Chip Caray.
Beginning in the days of P.K. Wrigley and the 1937 bleacher/scoreboard reconstruction, a flag with either a “W” or an “L” has flown from atop the scoreboard masthead, indicating the day’s result. In case of a doubleheader that is split, both flags are flown.
Past Cubs media guides show that the original flags were blue with a white “W” and white with a blue “L”, the latter coincidentally suggesting “surrender”. In 1978, blue and white lights were mounted atop the scoreboard, to further denote wins and losses.
The flags were replaced in the early 1980s, and the color schemes were reversed with the “win flag” being white with a blue W, and the “loss flag” the opposite. In 1982, the retired number of Ernie Banks was flying on a foul pole, as white with blue numbers.
Keeping with tradition, fans are known to bring win flags to home and away games, and showing them after a Cubs win. Flags are also sold at the ballpark. On April 24, 2008 the Cubs flew an extra white flag showing “10,000″ in blue, along with the win flag, as the 10,000th win in team history was achieved on the road the previous night. Along side the tradition of the “W” and “L” flags, the song “Go Cubs Go” is sung after each home win.
References in well loved culture
The iconic sign outside Wrigley Field.
The back of Wrigley Field, with ancient fashioned scoreboard taken during an offseason before the reconstruction of 2005
During pregame warmup the starting pitcher (Chris Young pictured) warms up in the bullpen. A few bullpens are in playable foul territory like those at Wrigley Field.
Wrigley Field had a brief cameo in the movie The Blues Brothers (1980), starring John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd as Jake and Elwood Blues. Elwood listed 1060 W. Addison as his fake home address on his Illinois driver’s license, tricking the police and later the Nazis listening on police radio. The Natural (1984), starring Robert Redford, had a scene set at Wrigley but was really filmed at All-High Stadium in Buffalo, New York. All other baseball action scenes in that movie were shot in Buffalo, at the since-demolished War Memorial Stadium.
During Cubs games, fans will often stand outside the park on Waveland Avenue, waiting for home run balls hit over the wall and out of the park. But, as a tradition, Cubs fans inside and sometimes even outside the park will promptly throw any home run ball hit by an opposing player back onto the field of play, a ritual depicted in the 1977 stage play, Bleacher Bums, and in the 1993 film, Rookie of the Year.
The ballpark was featured in a scene in Ferris Bueller’s Day Off. Many scenes from Rookie of the Year were filmed at Wrigley Field. Later, the film, The Break-Up, would use Wrigley Field as the setting for its opening scene. An early 1990s film about Babe Ruth had the obligatory scene in Wrigley Field about the “called shot” (the ballpark also doubled as Yankee Stadium for the film). A scoreboard similar to the one existing in 1932 was used, atop an ivy wall (though that did not exist until later in the decade).
The ballpark was used for the establishing tryouts scene in A League of Their Own (1992). This film was a Hollywood account of the 1940s women’s baseball league which Cubs owner P.K. Wrigley championed during World War II. Garry Marshall (older brother of the film’s director Penny Marshall) has a cameo as “Walter Harvey,” Wrigley’s fictional alter ego. The sign behind the scoreboard was temporarily redone to read “Harvey Field”, and filming was split between Wrigley and Cantigny Park near Wheaton, IL.
Many television series have made featured scenes set in Wrigley Field, including ER, Crime Tale, Chicago Hope, Prison Break, Perfect Strangers, and My Boys. Also, the animated comedy, Family Guy featured a scene at Wrigley Field, which parodied the Steve Bartman incident. In an episode of The Simpsons entitled “He Likes to Glide and He D’ohs,” upon arriving in Chicago, Homer walks past a number of well-known Chicago landmarks, including Wrigley Field, followed by a generic looking stadium bearing the name “Wherever the White Sox play.” In 2007, the band Nine Inch Nails made a promotional audio skit, which involved Wrigley Field being the target of disgruntled war veteran’s terrorist attack.
The late-1970s comedy stage play, Bleacher Bums, was set in the right field bleachers at Wrigley. The video of the play was also set on a stage, with bleachers suggesting Wrigley’s layout, rather than in the actual ballpark’s bleachers. The tradition of throwing opposition home run balls back was clarified by Dennis Franz’s character: “If someone hands you some garbage, you have to throw it back at them!”
The stadium was also featured on the well loved Travel Channel television show, Fantastic Hotels, starring Samantha Brown. She attended a game during a visit to Chicago.
Chicago folk singer Steve Goodman featured Wrigley Field as the setting for his well loved Cubs lament “A Dying Cub Fan’s Last Request,” extolling both the trials of the Cubs and the place Wrigley Field holds in Cub fans’ hearts. After his untimely death from leukemia, Goodman’s ashes were in fact scattered at Wrigley Field as described in the lyrics.
The Statler Brothers’ 1981 song “Don’t Wait On Me” referred to a then-implausible situation: “When the lights go on at Wrigley Field.” But, after lights were installed, the line was changed to “When they place a dome on Wrigley Field” for their 1989 Live-Sold Out album.
A few brief shots of Wrigley Field appear in the 1949 movie It Happens Every Spring. It is also seen on the History Channel’s show Life After People.
The stadium made a brief appearance in the open for the first episode of The Tonight Show with Conan O’Brien, with Conan rushing through the turnstiles while running from New York (where his previous show, Late Night with Conan O’Brien, was taped) to Los Angeles (where his new show tapes) and then running onto the field while being chased by Cubs security. The route O’Brien takes is somewhat misleading, as he is shown running south on Michigan Avenue past the Tribune Tower before arriving at Wrigley Field, which is well north of the Tribune Tower.
In the movie Category 6: Day of Destruction, a terrorist turns off all the electricity at the stadium for a few minutes to demonstrate how hackers could penetrate city electrical systems.
A panoramic view of Wrigley Field from the upper deck.
Accessibility and transportation
Addison Station at Wrigley Field is served by Red Line trains. This view is now blocked by buildings constructed in 2007.
The Red Line stop at Addison is less than one block east of Wrigley Field. The stadium was originally built for proximity to the train tracks. At the conclusion of games, the scoreboard operator raises to the top of the center field scoreboard either a white flag with a blue “W” to signify a Cubs victory or a blue flag with a white “L” for a loss. This is done not only to allow passengers on the nearby “L” trains to see the outcome of the game, but also anyone passing by the park can now know the results of that day’s game. Fascinatingly, the basic flag color was once the exact opposite of the colors used today (the rationale being that white is the traditional color for surrender). In addition to rail service, the CTA provides several bus routes which service Wrigley. CTA bus routes #22 Clark, #152 Addison and #154 Wrigley Field Express all provide access to the ballpark. Pace also operates the #282 Schaumburg-Wrigley Field Express from Woodfield Mall in Schaumburg and the #779 Yorktown-Wrigley Field Express from Yorktown Shopping Center in Lombard. Biking to the field is also a well loved alternative. As Halsted, Addison, and Clark streets all have designated biking lanes, getting to the field via bicycle is a fantastic way to avoid hectic traffic before and after games. Bikers need not worry about their bike during the game, because Wrigley Field offers a complimentary bike check program. Cyclists may check their bikes up to 2 hours before games at the bike racks off of Waveland Ave, and may pick up their bikes up to one hour after games end.
Parking in the area remains scarce, but that does not seem to bother fans who want to come to this baseball Mecca, which has drawn more than 3 million fans every year since 2004, averaging to a near-sellout every day of the season, even with many weekday afternoon games. The small parking that is available around the park can go for as much as 0 per space. To partially alleviate this problem, the Cubs sponsor a parking shuttle service from the nearby DeVry University campus at Addison and Western as part of their agreement with local neighborhood groups.
In 2001, a series of commemorative postage stamps on the subject of baseball parks was issued by the U.S. Postal Service. Most of them were engravings taken from ancient colorized postcards, including the illustration of Wrigley Field. In the case of Wrigley, the well-known scoreboard was sliced off, presumably to hide the original postcard’s banner containing the park’s name. It may also be observed that the original black-and-white aerial photo, presumably from the 1945 World Series, was taken from nearly the identical spot as the photo of the 1935 Series, allowing a comparison before and after the 1937 alterations to the bleachers. The stamp and its sources also provide a rare look at the center field bleachers filled with spectators, a practice which was later discontinued due to the risk to batters, who might lose the flight of a pitch amidst the white shirts. This led to the development of darker backgrounds to the pitchers mounds.
A Day at the Park, by William Hartel
Ballparks of North America, by Michael Benson
Cubs Journal, by John Snyder
Green Cathedrals, by Philip J. Lowry
Wrigley Field: The Unauthorized Biography, by Stuart Shea
Top 10 Ballparks of 2008 by Devin Pratt
^ Riess, Steven A. (1999). Touching Base: Professional Baseball and American Culture in the Progressive Era (rev ed). p. 120
^ Riess, p. 120
^ Riess, pp. 68-69
^ Solomon, Burt (1997). The Baseball Timeline: The Day-By-Day History of Baseball from Valley Forge to the Present Day. p. 285
^ Riess, p. 121
^ Cross, B. Duane. “The runaround: Sticking with ground game pays off in Week 2″, Sports Illustrated, September 14, 2003. Accessed August 6, 2008. “According to Elias Sports Bureau via Michael Eisen of the G-Men, the Dolphins-Jets game was the 366th NFL regular season game played in Giants Stadium, surpassing Wrigley Field in Chicago as the most frequently used stadium in NFL history (regular season only).”
^ Tierney, Mike (1979-08-22). “Luck writes Rowdies’ playoff script”. St. Petersburg Times. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Sw0OAAAAIBAJ&sjid=UnwDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6697,5000664&dq=philadelphia+fury+veterans+stadium. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
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If there has been one recurring storyline to this college football offseason so far it always seems to involve USC. Whether it’s questioning the intelligence of the Trojans new coach or examining the actions of the ancient one, considering whether they should keep ancient awards or wondering when they’ll be capable of winning awards again, there has been no shortage of news made by the Trojans and very small of it has been excellent.
All the attention has place the team under the microscope, and drawn the eyes of even casual college football fans. All of that public attention is going to make it hard for the college football handicapper to get a excellent feel for this team this season. USC Trojans college football odds are going to be set to compensate for the likely negative public attention, but we won’t know for a few weeks of the season how they are going to perform and how they should be considered. The better grasp you can have of the team early on, the better chance you have of grabbing some value.
There is another reason that this is going to be a weird season for bettors
Aronofsky conceived the premise by connecting his viewings of Swan Lake with an unrealized screenplay about understudies and the notion of being haunted by a double. The director additionally considered Black Swan a companion piece to his earlier film The Wrestler, with each films’ worlds involving demanding performances for different sorts of art. He and Portman first mentioned the venture in 2000, and after a small attachment to Universal Photos, Black Swan was produced in New York Metropolis in 2009 beneath Fox Searchlight Pictures. Portman and Kunis skilled in ballet for months. Notable figures from the ballet world helped with film production to shape the ballet presentation. The movie premiered as the opening film for the 67th Venice International Film Pageant on September 1, 2010. The movie can have a restricted release on December 3, 2010.
Watch Black Swan Movie Online
Darren Aronofsky first turned occupied with ballet when his sister studied dance at the High School of Performing Arts in New York City. The essential thought for the film started when he employed screenwriters to remodel a screenplay called The Understudy, which was about off-Broadway actors and explored the notion of being haunted by a double. Aronofsky mentioned the screenplay had components of the movie All About Eve, Roman Polanski’s film The Tenant, and Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s novella The Double. The director had also seen numerous productions of Swan Lake, and he linked the duality of the White Swan and the Black Swan to his script. When researching for manufacturing of Black Swan, he learned ballet to be “a very insular world” whose dancers had been “not impressed by movies”. Regardless, the director learned lively and inactive dancers to share their experiences with him. He additionally stood backstage to see the Bolshoi Ballet perform on the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
Aronofsky called Black Swan a companion piece to his previous movie The Wrestler, recalling one among his early initiatives a couple of like affair between a wrestler and a ballet dancer. He ultimately separated the wrestling and the ballet worlds as “an excessive amount of for one movie”. He in contrast the 2 movies: “Wrestling some take into account the lowest artwork-if they would even call it artwork-and ballet some individuals reckon about the highest art. But what was wonderful to me was how related the performers in both of these worlds are. They both make incredible use of their bodies to precise themselves.”About the psychological thriller nature of Black Swan, actor Natalie Portman in contrast the movie’s tone to Polanski’s 1968 film Rosemary’s Child,while Aronofsky stated Polanski’s Repulsion (1965) and The Tenant (1976) were “large influences” on the ultimate film.Actor Vincent Cassel also in contrast Black Swan to Polanski’s early works and moreover compared it to David Cronenberg’s early works
20 Questions Answered Directly by Dr.David Morrison (Director of the NASA Lunar Science Institute) about Niburu and Doomsday 2012 – Part 2
11. When most of the planets align in 2012 and planet Earth is in the center of the Milky Way, what will the effects of this be on planet Earth? Could it cause a pole shift, and if so what could we expect?
There is no planet alignment in 2012 or any other time in the next several decades. As to the Earth being in the center of the Milky Way, I don’t know what this phrase means. If they are referring to the Milky Way Galaxy, we are some 30,000 light years from the center of this spiral galaxy. We circle the galactic center in a period of 225-250 million years, always keeping approximately the same distance. Concerning a pole shift, I also don’t know what this means. If it means some sudden change in the position of the pole (that is, the rotation axis of the Earth), then that is impossible, as noted above. What many websites do discuss is the alignment of the Earth and Sun with the center of the Milky Way in the constellation of Sagittarius. This happens every December, with no terrible consequences, and there is no reason to expect 2012 to be different from any other year.
12. When the Sun and the Earth line up on the galactic plane at the same time with the black hole being in the center couldn ‘t that cause something to happen, due to the fact that the black hole has such a strong gravitational pull?
There is a supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy, and like any concentration of mass it exerts gravitational force on the rest of the galaxy. But, the galactic center is very far away, approximately 30,000 light years, so it has negligible effects on our solar system and Earth. There are no special forces from the galactic plane or the galactic center. The only vital force that acts on the Earth is the gravitation of the Sun and Moon. As far as the influence of the galactic plane, there is nothing special about this location. The last time the Earth was in the galactic plane was several million years ago. Claims that we are about to cross the galactic plane are untrue.
13. I am frightened about the fact that the Earth will enter the Dark Rift in the Milky Way. What will this do? Will the Earth be swallowed up?
The “dark rift” is a well loved name for the broad and diffuse dust clouds in the inner arm of the Milky Way Galaxy, which block our view of the galactic center. The entire “galactic alignment” scare is ridiculous. Late in December the Sun is always approximately in the direction of the center of the Galaxy as seen from the Earth, but so what’ Apparently the scaremongers have chose to use these meaningless phrases about “alignments” and the “dark rift” and “photon belt” precisely because they are not understood by the public. As far as the safety of the Earth is concerned, the vital threats are from global warming and loss of biological diversity, and perhaps someday from collision with an asteroid or comet, not the pseudoscientific claims about 2012.
14. I have heard that the Earth ‘$ magnetic field will flip in 2012 just when the strongest level of solar storms in history is predicted to take place. Will this kill us or ruin our civilization?
Near solar maximum (which happens approximately every 11 years), there are many more solar flares and coronal mass ejections than near solar minimum. Flares and mass ejections are no danger for humans or other life on Earth. They could endanger astronauts in deep space or on the Moon, and this is something that NASA must learn to deal with, but it is not a problem for us. Large outbursts can interrupt radio transmissions, cause bright displays of the aurora (Northern and Southern Lights), and hurt the electronics of some satellites in space. Today many satellites are designed to deal with this possibility, for example by switching off some of their more delicate circuits and going into a “safe” mode for a few hours. In extreme cases solar activity can also disrupt electrical transmissions on the ground, possibly leading to electrical blackouts, but this is rare.
The last solar maximum occurred in 2001, so the next one was predicted for around 2012, 11 years later. But, the most recent solar minimum was unusual, with a period of a couple of years with nearly no sunspots or other indications of solar activity, so scientists now guess that the next maximum will be delayed, perhaps to 2013. But, the details of the solar cycle remain basically unpredictable.
It is right that the Earth’s magnetic field protects us by making a large region in space, called the Earth’s magnetosphere, within which most of the material ejected from the Sun is captured or deflected, but there is no reason to expect a reversal of magnetic polarity any time soon. These magnetic reversals happen, on average, only once in 400,000 years.
15. I am confused about a report on the Fox News website that in 2012 a “Powerful Solar Storm Could Shut Down U.S. for Months.” They referred to a report from the National Academy of Sciences that was commissioned and paid for by NASA. If nothing is going to happen as a result of the event in 2012, why would NASA allow such nonsense to be reported?
NASA is pleased with the National Research Council report on heliophysics. As noted, this report includes a worst-case analysis of what could happen today if there were a repetition of the largest solar storm ever recorded (in 1859). The problem is the way such information can be used out of context. There is no reason to expect such a large solar storm in the near future, certainly not in 2012 specifically. The reference to “the event in 2012″ illustrates this problem. There is no prediction of an “event in 2012.” We don’t even know if the next solar maximum will take place in that year. The whole 2012 disaster scenario is a hoax, fueled by ads for the Hollywood science-fiction disaster film 2012. I can only hope that most people are able to distinguish Hollywood film plots from reality.
16. All my school friends are telling me that we are all going to the in the year 2012 due to a meteor hitting Earth. Is this right?
The Earth has always been subject to impacts by comets and asteroids (as has the Moon, as you can see because it has no atmosphere to erode the impact craters), although huge hits are very rare. The last huge impact was 65 million years ago, and that led to the extinction of the dinosaurs. Today NASA astronomers are carrying out the Spaceguard Survey to find any large near-Earth asteroids long before they hit. We have already determined that there are no threatening asteroids as large as the one that killed the dinosaurs. All this work is done openly with the discoveries posted every day on the NASA NEO Program Office website (neo.jpl.nasa.gov), so anyone can see that nothing is predicted to hit in 2012.
17. If Nibiru is a hoax, why doesn ‘t NASA issue a denial? How can you permit these tales to circulate and frighten people? Why doesn’t the US. government do something about it!
If you go to the NASA home page, nasa.gov, you will see many tales that expose the Nibiru-2012 hoax. Try searching nasa.com under “Nibiru” or “2012″. There is not much more that NASA can do. These hoaxes have nothing to do with NASA and are not based on NASA data, so we as an agency are not directly involved. But scientists, both within NASA and outside, recognize that this hoax with its effort to frighten people is a distraction from more vital scientific concerns, such as global warming and loss of biological diversity. We live in a country where there is freedom of speech, and that includes the freedom to lie. We should be glad there are no censors. But if we will use common sense we can recognize the lies. As we approach 2012, the lies will be come even more obvious.
18. Can you prove to me that Nibiru is a hoax? There are so many reports that something terrible will happen in 2012. I need proof because the government and NASA are keeping so much from us.
Such questions should be place to the doomsday advocates to prove that what they are saying is right, not to NASA to prove it is fake. If someone claimed on the Internet that there were 50-foot tall purple elephants walking through Cleveland, would anyone expect NASA to prove this incorrect? The burden of proof falls on those who make wild claims. Remember the often-quoted comment from Carl Sagan that extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence.
But, I reckon that astronomers have reached the point where we can offer extremely strong arguments that Nibiru does not exist. A large planet (or a brown dwarf) in our solar system would have been known to astronomers for many years, both indirectly from its gravitational perturbations on other objects and by direct detection in the infrared. The NASA Infrared Astronomy Satellite (IRAS) carried out the first allsky survey in 1983, and several subsequent surveys would also have seen Nibiru if it were there. Further, if a large mass passed through the inner solar system every 3600 years, we would see its disruptive effects on the orbits of the inner planets, and we don’t.
But don’t take my word for it. Just use common sense. Have you seen Nibiru? In 2008 many websites said it would be visible to the naked eye in spring 2009. If a large planet or brown dwarf were headed for the inner solar system in 2012, it would already be tracked by thousands of astronomers, both professional and amateur, all over the world. Do you know any amateur astronomers who are watching it’ Have you seen any photos or discussion of it in the huge well loved astronomy magazines such as Astronomy or Sky & Telescope? Just reckon about it. No one could hide something like Nibiru if it existed.
19. What about the scary ads for the new film 2012? They tell us to look at these Internet sites to verify the doomsday threat.
The pseudoscientific claims about Nibiru and a doomsday in 2012, together with distrust of the government, are being amplified by publicity for the new film from Columbia Pictures titled 2012, to be released in November 2009
Welcome to the second addition of my training camp preview with the Cleveland Cavaliers. In my first part I previewed the guards in which Mo Williams and CO. will look to take control of this team. Now it’s on to the forwards in which things will look a small different this season than others.
Without the former “King” in town it leaves a huge gap in the small forward position.
The central mission and goal of any ulpan in Israel is to help the students to master Hebrew language in all respects. In addition to being able to converse and speak in Hebrew, the student should also know how to write and read the language. But, these are the aspects covered in the very basic ulpan here. If you want to go a step further and learn about the culture, history and geography of Israel then you need to opt for the advanced ulpan in Israel. There are various ulpan in Jerusalem, which teach about the culture and historical significance of Jerusalem. Whether you are an immigrant, tourist or a new citizen in Israel, you can easily leverage the ulpan in Israel to know the unique lifestyle and culture of Israel.
South Africa World Cup Group E’s second match is held between Japan and Cameroon, with the goal by Keisuke Honda, the Japanese team made a fantastic start 1-0. After this game, he had also been named as the overall best player.
24-year-ancient Keisuke Honda who took part in the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, a lot of Chinese fans are very familiar with this player, he is now one of the few Japanese national team players playing for the overseas league. He is currently work as the effectiveness of CSKA Moscow.
Keisuke Honda, who took part in World Youth Championship Netherlands, at that session he had a decent performance on the World Youth Championship, then in 2007 he went to Venlo Netherlands B Venlo team, during his effectiveness in the Netherlands,